CSP gHM: Global Human Modification (CSP/HM/GlobalHumanModification)

Version 1.0

The global Human Modification dataset (gHM) provides a cumulative measure of human modification
of terrestrial lands globally at 1 square-kilometer resolution. The gHM
values range from 0.0-1.0 and are calculated by estimating the proportion of a given location
(pixel) that is modified, the estimated intensity of modification
associated with a given type of human modification or “stressor”.
5 major anthropogenic stressors circa 2016 were mapped using 13
individual datasets:

  • human settlement (population density, built-up areas)
  • agriculture (cropland, livestock)
  • transportation (major, minor, and two-track roads; railroads)
  • mining and energy production
  • electrical infrastructure (power lines, nighttime lights)

Please see the paper for additional methodological details.
This asset was re-projected to WGS84 for use in Earth Engine.

gHMglobal Human Modificationkm^2


Conservation Science Partners (producer, licensor)
Google Earth Engine (host)
STAC Version 0.6.2
Keywords csp, fragmentation, human_modification, landcover, landscape_gradient, stressors, tnc
License proprietary
Temporal Extent 12/31/2015, 4:00:00 PM - 12/30/2016, 4:00:00 PM
Citation Kennedy, C.M., J.R. Oakleaf, D.M. Theobald, S. Baurch-Murdo, and J. Kiesecker. 2019. Managing the middle: A shift in conservation priorities based on the global human modification gradient. Global Change Biology 00:1-16. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14549
Type image_collection
GSD metersm
Cadence year
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